International efforts for Environmental Protection
EPA collaborates with the United Nations University - Solving the E-waste Problem Initiative (StEP) Exit to jointly address the e-waste problem in developing countries. EPA and StEP signed a cooperative agreement on this topic in November 2010. EPA and StEP are working collaboratively on tracking global flows of e-waste, strengthening Ethiopia's efforts to manage e-waste. EPA is a founding member of StEP and serves on the StEP Steering Committee.
EPA also works bilaterally with governments and environmental officials around the world on e-waste management. EPA and China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection initiated cooperation on this issue in 2010. In addition, EPA and Environmental Protection Administration Taiwan (EPAT) coordinate the International E-Waste Management Network (IEMN), which has brought together environmental officials from Asia, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, and North America to exchange best practices on e-waste management since 2011.
What is E-Waste?
“E-waste”, “electronic waste”, “e-scrap” and “end-of-life electronics” are terms often used to describe used electronics that are nearing the end of their useful life, and are discarded, donated or given to a recycler. Though “e-waste” is the commonly used term, EPA considers e-waste to be a subset of used electronics and recognizes the inherent value with these materials that can be reused, refurbished or recycled to minimize the actual waste that might end up in a landfill or improperly disposed in an unprotected dump site either in the US or abroad.
An undetermined amount of used electronics is shipped from the United States and other developed countries to developing countries that lack the capacity to reject imports or to handle these materials appropriately. Without proper standards and enforcement, improper practices may result in public health and environmental concerns, even in countries where processing facilities exist.
We have serious concerns about unsafe handling of used electronics and e-waste, in developing countries, that results in harm to human health and the environment. For example, there are problems with open-air burning and acid baths being used to recover valuable materials from electronic components, which expose workers to harmful substances. There are also problems with toxic materials leaching into the environment. These practices can expose workers to high levels of contaminants such as lead, mercury, cadmium and arsenic, which can lead to irreversible health effects, including cancers, miscarriages, neurological damage and diminished IQs.
how manufacturer's warranty where to product key windows 7 who developed the hierarchy of needs road map what is the definition when technology was invented where is the roadmap dealership in greenville roblox where technology is headed how system call works in linux where startup folder windows 10 how far science has come where business analyst work why project management interview question who manufacturers insulin how much product manager salary where to find solutions who product registration whom else who devised the rhetorical strategies of persuasion which technology simulates higher order thinking where do i start where do i begin when engineering day where to find system preferences on mac what solutions are isotonic why company buy back shares how many design principles are applied for industry 4 0 why startup need funding why development is important why product roadmap is important how start up a conversation how to find business information on a company how development occurs how startup valuation works who product specification who products food what solutions are hypotonic entrepreneur who are successful who owns the most businesses why products are so cheap on meesho how far london to spain who technical guidance whose work or who's work who roadmap snakebite how teaching happens why design matters book which project element was liam monitoring how company logos changed how much technology is too much for a child what business can i start with 5k when design menu is open how far science has come how much tech trash per c4 where to study technology from where was solar system originated when workers go on strike they are how often should disinfectant solutions be changed roadmap what is agile where is meg from design star how much technology changed over the time which device did you plug in what startup selection should i use which design pattern to use when boot up why science is important how much entrepreneurs work what product protects polish from chipping who set up how much technology should a child use how far technology has its impact on education what technology can amish use where is my product from whose teaching is in support of education for all how business days in a year why development of resources is necessary class 10 where to travel from london how many equipment lost in from where designers buy fabric what equipment is needed for a podcast how many system updates on galaxy s9 how entrepreneur helps society how much tech savvy are you how design awards how much solution in lateral flow test what technology was based on observations of nature what equipment is needed for a podcast what two things must you check before using any equipment why engineering is important how long tech school air force when manufacturing overhead is overapplied why device is not playing for nip where's the london eye how much start up loan can i get which company makes monkeypox vaccine how entrepreneur think how much teaching course at unisa when system is inconsistent road map what is meaning where is mondo from project runway startup where to start where is aiken product from project where design who devised the periodic table of elements when startup stops being startup when engineering started where to study technology when manufacturing overhead is overapplied when manufacturers give back why technological advancement become harmful where to manage passwords in chrome how design awards who business analyst why science is my favorite subject why manager role from where i get product key how many solutions does this have which is the roadmap of nanotechnology in the philippines why project management interview question where company details how technological factor influence volkswagen