Creation of the Environmental Protection Agency
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The United States Environmental Protection Agency was born on December 2, 1970. The documents below shed some light on its birth and early years. Note that these documents are now in EPA's archive. To find one, click on the Search EPA Archive button and copy the name of the document into the search box on the archive home page. To ensure the best search results, be sure to put quotes around the name of the document.
Article "Origins of the EPA" in the Spring 1992 issue of The Guardian - provides background on conservation, ecology and early environmental movements, the first Earth Day, and the establishment of EPA.
President's Advisory Council on Executive Organization ("Ash Council") memo (April 1970) advising President Nixon to form EPA
Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1970 (July 9, 1970) - message from President Nixon to Congress about reorganization plans to establish EPA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Document: Duties Transferred to EPA from Other Agencies
Document: Origin of the EPA Seal
Article "EPA's Formative Years, 1970-1973" in the September 1993 issue of (EPA publications number 202-K-93-002) - provides details on
the early years of EPA, including functions transferred from other agencies;
EPA's early organization; EPA's enforcement strategy;
early air pollution control efforts;
the banning of DDT; and
the leadership of EPA Administrators William D. Ruckelshaus and Russell E. Train.
Article "EPA History (1970-1985)" prepared in November 1985 by the EPA Office of Public Awareness on the occasion of EPA's 15th anniversary
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