MSc in Marine Environmental

Marine Environmental Protection


Cover imageWind farms are often planned offshore where wind conditions are favourable and the visual impact is less important. Wind farms have both positive and negative effects on the marine environment. Negative effects include bird collisions, underwater sounds and electromagnetic fields, whilst positive effects constitute functioning as artificial reef and acting as no-take zones for fish, with possible spill-over effects.

This paper presents a spatially explicit framework to analyze effects of wind farms on the marine environment and aims to evaluate how wind farms can contribute to protection of the marine environment through strategic and economically viable location choices.

The functioning and the applicability of the model are demonstrated in a numerical example for the Dutch exclusive economic zone. We find that the careful spatial planning of wind farms is a key factor for profitability and environmental protection, and that, if carefully planned, the environment can benefit from offshore wind farms.

Keywords



Share this article





Related Posts



Latest Posts
New York Environmental Protection
New York Environmental…
New York State s Environmental…
Federal Environmental Protection Agency
Federal Environmental…
EPA s Criminal Investigation…
History of Environmental Protection
History of Environmental…
Natural Resource Conservation…
Stories of good deeds
Stories of good…
0 Stories of kindness…
Connecticut Environmental Protection
Connecticut Environmental…
Trophy Fish Award Program…
What is the Environmental Protection Act 1990?
What is the Environmental…
In March 2011, EPA issued…
Environmental Protection Agency Internships
Environmental…
The EPA works to stop…
Environmental Protection Agency Administrator
Environmental…
Democratic presidential…
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Nigeria
Federal Environmental…
State of Origin: Delta…
Monaco Yacht Show 2016
Monaco Yacht Show 2016
The Monaco Yacht Show started in 1991...
Search
Featured posts
  • Ways of Environmental Protection
  • Global Environmental Protection
  • New York Environmental Protection
  • History of Environmental Protection
  • Marine Safety and Environmental Protection
  • Connecticut Environmental Protection
  • Guyana Environmental Protection Agency
  • Environmental Protection speech
  • Federal Environmental Protection Agency
Copyright © 2024 l gooddeeds.eu.org. All rights reserved.